The Link Between Obesity and Diabetes

If you’re overweight or obese, it’s important to lose weight so you don’t develop type 2 diabetes — a serious health condition that could lead to heart or kidney disease, foot problems, nerve damage, blindness, or even a stroke. 

Endocrinologist Ana Maria Kausel, MD helps patients in Chelsea and across New York City manage their diabetes and lose weight so they can continue to enjoy a quality life for years to come. Here’s what you need to know about the link between obesity and diabetes so you can start making positive changes for yourself or a loved one today.

Type 1 versus type 2 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder that’s usually diagnosed in childhood. With this condition, the body destroys insulin-producing cells in the pancreas, and you don’t have enough insulin to convert glucose (sugar) into energy. Type 2 diabetes usually starts in adulthood. With this condition, your body can’t use insulin correctly. Both require medication, but type 2 may be improved by losing weight, eating healthy, and exercising more. Keep in mind, losing as little as 10 percent of your body weight can improve your health and control diabetes. 

Insulin resistance

Insulin is a hormone that regulates the amount of sugar in your blood. This sugar comes from the foods you eat and is used by your brain, muscles, and liver for energy. If you’re obese, the extra fat you carry on your body makes your cells less responsive to insulin. This occurs because the insulin receptors in your cells can’t receive the proper signals to start using glucose (sugar) for energy. You’re left with a high glucose level and are diagnosed with diabetes when that level reaches 126 mg/dL or higher on two separate blood tests.

Symptoms of high blood sugar include:

If you think you, or a loved one, has diabetes, come in to see Dr. Kausel right away. The sooner you get your symptoms under control, the sooner you can feel better.


If you’re having trouble losing weight, Dr. Kausel will develop a comprehensive weight loss program customized to your needs and be there for you every step of the way. Her expertise in diabetes management, metabolic disorders, and weight loss, combined with her caring, patient-centered practice, make her one of the most trusted doctors in New York City. 

To make an appointment with Dr. Kausel, request an appointment online or call 646-205-1206 today.

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