Endocrinology is the field of hormone-related diseases. Our Manhattan Endocrinologist practice can diagnose and treat hormone problems and the complications that arise from them.
Hormones regulate metabolism, respiration, growth, reproduction, sensory perception, and movement. Hormone imbalances are the underlying reason for a wide range of medical conditions.
Endocrinology focuses both on the hormones and the many glands and tissues that produce them.
Humans have over 50 different hormones. They can exist in very small amounts and still have a significant impact on bodily function and development.
Fast facts on Endocrinology
Here are some key points about endocrinology.
- Endocrinology involves a wide range of systems within the human body.
- The endocrine tissues include the adrenal gland, hypothalamus, ovaries, and testes.
- There are three broad groups of endocrine disorders.
- Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder in women.
- The eight hormone-secreting glands associated with the endocrine system include pituitary gland, thyroid gland, parathyroid gland, pancreas, pineal gland, hypothalamus, adrenal gland and reproductive glands (testes and ovaries).
The endocrine system is made up of the pituitary gland, thyroid gland, parathyroid glands, adrenal glands, pancreas, ovaries (in females) and testicles (in males).
The word endocrine derives from the Greek words “endo,” meaning within, and “crinis,” meaning to secrete, according to Health Mentor Online. In general, a gland selects and removes materials from the blood, processes them and secretes the finished chemical product for use somewhere in the body. The endocrine system affects almost every organ and cell in the body, according to the Merck Manual.