Diabetes

Ana Maria Kausel, MD

Endocrinology located in Chelsea, New York, NY

Over 30 million Americans have diabetes or prediabetes, putting their overall health at risk. If you have diabetes or are concerned about the disease, schedule an appointment with Ana Maria Kausel, MD, a board-certified endocrinologist practicing in Chelsea, New York City. At her practice, Ana Maria Kausel MD Endocrinology, Dr. Kausel diagnoses diabetes and offers highly personalized treatments and care to help you manage your disease and improve your health. Call or make an appointment online today.

Diabetes Q & A

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a disease that interferes with the way your body produces or uses insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps your body convert glucose — blood sugar — into energy. If your body doesn’t process blood sugar correctly, it can lead to a wide range of complications, including:

  • Heart disease
  • Hypoglycemia
  • Neuropathy
  • Eye disease
  • Kidney disease
  • Foot problems
  • Gum disease and other dental issues

Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of the disease. It develops when your body doesn’t use insulin correctly. Dr. Kausel usually diagnoses Type 2 diabetes in adults, although it’s becoming more common in children and adolescents.

Type 1 diabetes — which is also referred to as juvenile diabetes — is an autoimmune disorder that destroys the insulin-producing cells in your pancreas. As a result, your body doesn’t produce the insulin it needs to convert blood sugar to energy. Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in childhood.

What causes diabetes?

A variety of factors contribute to diabetes. For example, both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes are influenced by your genetics and family history. However, with Type 1 diabetes, medical researchers and physicians haven’t identified a specific trigger or reason why your body would attack your pancreas.

Your lifestyle heavily influences your risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. Obesity is a significant factor in your risk of developing the disease. Other factors that contribute to Type 2 diabetes include leading a sedentary lifestyle, eating a high-fat, high-sugar diet, and aging.

How is diabetes treated?

If you have Type 1 diabetes, you need to take insulin to replace the hormones your body doesn’t produce. However, if you have prediabetes or Type 2 diabetes, you may be able to control your disease with lifestyle modifications.

For example, Dr. Kausel can help you adjust your diet to eliminate extra sugars. Additionally, adding exercise to your daily routine helps your body use glucose more efficiently. Even taking a 20-minute walk after you eat can regulate your blood sugar levels.

In some cases, lifestyle changes aren’t enough to control your diabetes, and you may need to take additional insulin. You can choose to give yourself insulin injections or to learn how to use an insulin pump.

Talk to Dr. Kausel about your condition and your treatment options. She answers your questions and helps you make an informed choice about your health care.

Make an appointment by calling the practice or scheduling online today.