Hyperthyroidism

Ana Maria Kausel, MD

Endocrinology located in Chelsea, New York, NY

Losing weight without trying might sound like a miracle, but it’s actually a sign of hyperthyroidism. At her practice in Chelsea, New York City, Ana Maria Kausel, MD, a board-certified endocrinologist, diagnoses hyperthyroidism and offers customized treatments to regulate your hormone production and improve your health. Call Dr. Kausel at Ana Maria Kausel MD Endocrinology or make an appointment online today.

Hyperthyroidism Q & A

What is hyperthyroidism?

Hyperthyroidism occurs when your thyroid — a small, butterfly-shaped gland located at the front of your neck — produces too much of the hormones that regulate your metabolism and other bodily functions. Some of the common signs of hyperthyroidism include:

  • Being nervous or irritable
  • Mood swings
  • Fatigue or muscle weakness
  • Heat intolerance
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Hand tremors
  • Rapid and irregular heartbeat
  • Frequent bowel movements or diarrhea
  • Weight loss
  • Goiter (enlarged goiter)

If you notice any of these symptoms, you should make an appointment with Dr. Kausel right away. When left untreated, hyperthyroidism can lead to potentially dangerous complications, including heart problems, brittle bones, and thyrotoxic crisis.

What causes hyperthyroidism?

Hyperthyroidism develops when your body produces too much thyroxine (T4). Graves’ disease, Plummer’s disease (hyperfunctioning thyroid nodules), and thyroiditis are the most common causes of hyperthyroidism.

Graves’ disease, an autoimmune disorder, releases antibodies that stimulate T4 production. Plummer’s disease occurs when one of the adenomas in your thyroid produces too much T4. Thyroiditis is an inflammatory condition that sometimes develops after pregnancy or as the result of an autoimmune disease.

How is hyperthyroidism diagnosed?

If you’re experiencing hyperthyroidism symptoms, schedule an appointment with Dr. Kausel. During your consultation, she asks questions about your symptoms, overall health, and lifestyle.

Dr. Kausel also examines your body for signs of hyperthyroidism such as an enlarged thyroid, which is sometimes called a goiter, mild tremors, and changes to your eyes. She orders blood tests to measure the amount of T4 and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) in your body and to screen for signs of other conditions that could contribute to your symptoms.

In some cases, Dr. Kausel uses a radioactive iodine uptake test to see how much of the substance collects in your thyroid gland. A high uptake of the radioactive iodine is a sign of a hyperactive thyroid.

How is hyperthyroidism treated?

Dr. Kausel offers many treatment options for hyperthyroidism, depending on your overall health, age, and the issue causing your condition. Some of the available treatments include:

  • Anti-thyroid medications
  • Radioactive iodine
  • Thyroid surgery

You may also benefit from taking beta blockers. While beta blockers don’t affect your thyroid, they can relieve some of the symptoms of hyperthyroidism.

No single treatment works for everyone, but Dr. Kausel works with you to find the best treatment to restore your health and well-being.

Call Dr. Kausel or schedule an appointment online today.