Hypothyroidism

Ana Maria Kausel, MD

Endocrinology located in Chelsea, New York, NY

Do you feel sluggish, and do you feel like no matter what you do, you can’t lose weight? These are common signs of hypothyroidism, a condition where your thyroid doesn’t produce sufficient amounts of the hormones that control your metabolism and other body functions. Ana Maria Kausel, MD, a board-certified endocrinologist practicing in Chelsea, New York City, offers comprehensive exams and testing to identify the condition causing your symptoms and customized treatments to restore your health. Call or schedule a consultation online at Ana Maria Kausel MD Endocrinology today.

Hypothyroidism Q & A

What is hypothyroidism?

Your thyroid’s primary function is to produce the hormones that regulate your metabolism, although those hormones also control a wide range of body functions.

If that small, butterfly-shaped gland in your neck doesn’t produce enough of those hormones, you develop symptoms that can disrupt your health and overall well-being. For example, common signs of hypothyroidism include:

  • Fatigue
  • Weight gain
  • A puffy face
  • Intolerance to cold temperatures
  • Joint and muscle pain
  • Constipation
  • Dry skin
  • Dry, thinning hair
  • Decreased sweating
  • Heavy or irregular menstrual periods and fertility problems
  • Depression
  • Slowed heart rate

These symptoms can interfere with your overall wellness and quality of life. So if you’re living with these symptoms, make an appointment with Dr. Kausel to get to the bottom of your health issues and get the treatment you need.

What causes hypothyroidism?

One of the most common causes of hypothyroidism is Hashimoto’s thyroiditis — an autoimmune disorder that occurs when your body mistakenly attacks your thyroid and interferes with its hormone production. Other causes of hyperthyroidism include:

  • Overtreatment for hyperthyroidism
  • Thyroid surgery
  • Radiation treatments
  • Certain medications such as lithium

Your risk of developing hypothyroidism increases if you have a family member who also has the condition. Hypothyroidism is also more common in women, and your chances of developing the condition increase with age. Similarly, if you have another autoimmune disorder such as diabetes, your risk of hypothyroidism increases.

How is hypothyroidism diagnosed?

Dr. Kausel diagnoses hyperthyroidism with a consultation and diagnostic tests. She talks to you in detail about your symptoms, lifestyle, and general health.

Dr. Kausel confirms your diagnosis with blood tests to measure the levels of your thyroid hormones triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4), as well as the thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) produced by your pituitary gland. She may also run additional tests to rule out other conditions that could cause your symptoms.

How is hypothyroidism treated?

In most cases, if you have hypothyroidism, Dr. Kausel prescribes synthetic thyroid hormones to make up for what your body isn’t producing. She also offers advice on changes to your diet, exercise habits, and other lifestyle factors that will improve your overall health and help reduce some of your symptoms.

If you’re concerned about hypothyroidism, call Dr. Kausel or schedule an appointment online today.